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Table 2 Glycemic control, cardiovascular risk, and oxidative stress markers of selected participants (n = 292)

From: Association of vitamin C status in diabetes mellitus: prevalence and predictors of vitamin C deficiency

Parameter Sufficient (serum vitamin C > 0.6 mg/dL) Insufficient (serum vitamin C 0.6 to 0.3 mg/dL) Deficient (serum vitamin C < 0.3 mg/dL)
Glycemic control markers
 Fasting blood sugar, mg/dL* 154.2 ± 10.5 a 181.4 ± 10.2 b 196.4 ± 8.4 b
 HbA1C, %* 7.1 ± 0.2 a 8.1 ± 0.3 b 8.1 ± 0.2 b
Cardiovascular risk markers
 High-density lipoprotein (HDL), mg/dl* 47.2 ± 2.6 a 43.2 ± 2.1 ab 37.6 ± 1.9 b
 Triglycerides (TG), mg/dL* 159.6 ± 2.2 a 154.6 ± 1.5 a 194.5 ± 6.1 b
 Total cholesterol (TC), mg/dL* 187.4 ± 4.4 a 191.2 ± 2.6 a 214.5 ± 1.94 b
 Framingham Risk Score* 15.4 ± 1.9 a 17.2 ± 1.6 ab 19.4 ± 2.1 b
Oxidative stress marker
 Malondialdehyde, μmol/L* 0.84 ± 0.21 a 2.15 ± 0.54 b 2.96 ± 0.94 b
  1. All values are mentioned as mean ± SEM unless stated otherwise
  2. abNo significant variation when compared to both the groups
  3. *p < 0.05 on performing ANOVA followed by a post hoc analysis. The same alphabet on superscript denotes no significant difference after performing inferential statistics