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Table 2 Nutritional status of different sexes of Dioscorea species found in Tripura

From: Sex-specific variations in phytochemicals and antimicrobial potentiality of Dioscorea

Name of the plants Proximate composition
Moisture content (%) Total protein (mg/gm) Carbohydrate (mg/gm) Soluble sugar (mg/gm) Free amino acid (mg/gm) Crude fiber (%) Total fat (%)
M F M F M F M F M F M F M F
Dioscorea alata 58.21 ± 0.91 77.97 ± 1.72b 4.22 ± 0.30 5.93 ± 0.22b 180.25 ± 2.81 211.92 ± 5.92c 18.54 ± 0.44 20.91 ± 0.92b 1.68 ± 0.14 1.72 ± 0.12# 2.74 ± 0.14 3.00 ± 0.16# 1.66 ± 0.14 1.97 ± 0.12#
Dioscorea hamiltonii 66.72 ± 1.94 71.44 ± 0.92# 3.34 ± 0.42 4.21 ± 0.32c 239.93 ± 4.54 254.95 ± 6.54# 20.81 ± 0.31 22.28 ± 0.42# 1.64 ± 0.13 1.87 ± 0.14# 1.82 ± 0.18 2.23 ± 0.14c 0.98 ± 0.12 1.19 ± 0.14#
Dioscorea oppositifolia 66.94 ± 0.41 71.18 ± 0.81c 3.19 ± 0.14 5.73 ± 0.17a 143.97 ± 5.01 173.86 ± 5.60 c 14.02 ± 0.22 13.37 ± 0.34# 0.98 ± 0.18 1.28 ± 0.16# 2.24 ± 0.23 2.87 ± 0.34# 1.58 ± 0.14 1.24 ± 0.16b
Dioscorea pubera 66.43 ± 1.35 75.72 ± 1.24c 13.21 ± 0.22 9.67 ± 0.22a 136.92 ± 3.47 158.01 ± 6.53c 23.54 ± 0.24 28.20 ± 1.92# 0.94 ± 0.15 1.05 ± 0.19# 1.48 ± 0.13 2.18 ± 0.23# 1.18 ± 0.12 1.28 ± 0.18#
Dioscorea wallichii 68.62 ± 1.28 70.55 ± 1.12# 7.04 ± 0.32 9.84 ± 0.30c 114.92 ± 3.33 136.73 ± 4.72b 27.34 ± 1.57 31.46 ± 1.58# 1.41 ± 0.10 1.63 ± 0.14c 1.23 ± 0.19 1.58 ± 0.14c 1.14 ± 0.12 1.42 ± 0.14c
  1. M male, F female, significant level 5%
  2. #Not significant
  3. a< 0.001
  4. b< 0.01
  5. c< 0.05