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Table 4 Anti-nutritional status of male and female tubers of Dioscorea species found in Tripura

From: Sex-specific variations in phytochemicals and antimicrobial potentiality of Dioscorea

Name of the plant Antinutrient status
Alkaloid (%) Phenol (mg/gm) Flavonoid (mg/gm) Tannin (mg/gm) Saponin (%)
M F M F M F M F M F
Dioscorea alata 0.65 ± 0.08 1.05 ± 0.07c 12.21 ± 0.82 17.53 ± 1.30b 14.80 ± 0.69 9.17 ± 0.3b 3.33 ± 0.12 5.48 ± 0.18b 0.48 ± 0.06 0.93 ± 0.17c
Dioscorea hamiltonii 1.05 ± 0.07 1.21 ± 0.11# 41.40 ± 2.94 50.70 ± 2.49a 25.67 ± 0.93 36.67 ± 0.99b 10.08 ± 0.14 6.25 ± 0.02a 0.95 ± 0.14 1.16 ± 0.18#
Dioscorea oppositifolia 0.27 ± 0.03 0.41 ± 0.04# 11.03 ± 0.60 13.65 ± 0.36c 7.21 ± 0.99 15.03 ± 1.08c 0.22 ± 0.1 3.04 ± 0.06a 0.45 ± 0.09 0.81 ± 0.15#
Dioscorea pubera 0.35 ± 0.05 0.33 ± 0.05# 31.76 ± 0.21 21.83 ± 2.5c 19.68 ± 1 22.17 ± 0.2# 1.45 ± 0.16 1.05 ± 0.22# 0.88 ± 0.23 0.92 ± 0.17#
Dioscorea wallichii 0.31 ± 0.23 0.52 ± 0.06# 10.73 ± 0.25 9.73 ± 0.28# 20.6 ± 0.6 26.00 ± 2.14c 1.28 ± 0.19 2.11 ± 0.21# 0.91 ± 0.09 1.07 ± 0.13#
  1. M male, F female, significant level 5%
  2. #Not significant
  3. a< 0.001
  4. b< 0.01
  5. c< 0.05