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Table 1 Traditional uses of C. nurvala

From: Botanical description, phytochemistry, traditional uses, and pharmacology of Crataeva nurvala Buch. Ham.: an updated review

S. No. Plant part(s) Formulations Uses
1. Leaves Leaf juice with coconut milk and ghee Rheumatism [18, 31, 32]
Poultice/paste of fresh leaves with little vinegar, lime juice or lime water, or hot water is prepared Rubefacient effect on skin and as vesicant, for longer use [31, 32]
Leaf paste Applied to soles of feet to relieve swelling and burning sensation [18, 31, 32]
Leaf decoction Flatulence and stomach pain [24]
2. Stem bark Decoction of bark prepared by bruising and boiling 4 ounces of bark in 1 1/2 pints of water till reduced to 1 pint and then strained and cooled Useful in bladder stone, fever, vomiting, gastric irritation. and as tonic [8, 18, 35,36,37]
Decoction of bark Useful in scrofulous enlargement of glands under lower jaw and swollen testicles [8, 18, 35,36,37]
3. Root and bark Embrocation formed by boiling root and bark in oil Reduced body pain and strain [8, 18]
4. Root, bark, and Leaves Compound decoction of root, bark, leaves with ginger, carbonate of potash, honey and water Effective in ascites, urinary disorders, calculous affection [8, 18, 35,36,37]
5. Leaves and Root Mixed with cocoanut juice and ghee, served as food Reduce corpulence [35]