Skip to main content

Table 3 Structural proteins of coronavirus and their functions

From: COVID-19 pandemic crisis—a complete outline of SARS-CoV-2

Structural proteins

Functions of proteins

Spike protein (S)

Virus and host cell fusion by binding

Membrane protein (M)

Nutrient transport, determines shape, and formation of envelope

Envelope protein (E)

Interferes with host immune response

Nucleocapsid protein (N)

Binds with RNA genome and makes up nucleocapsid

Hemagglutinin-esterase (HE)

Binds sialic acids on surface glycoprotein

  1. According to the recent studies, it is observed that coronavirus which lacks envelope protein (E) serves as a good candidate in vaccine designing