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Table 2 Antibacterial activity of different extracts of E. cotinifolia against some human pathogenic bacteria (in mm)

From: Isolation and characterization of bioactive compounds from Euphorbia cotinifolia

Bacteria Petroleum ether Chloroform Ethyl acetate Methanol Streptomycin
Bacillus cereus 8.75 ± 0.47b 11.25 ± 0.47ab 12.25 ± 0.50c 21.0 ± 0.40bc
Bacillus subtilis 8.25 ± 0.2a 8.50 ± 0.28b 12.75 ± 0.62a 18.25 ± 0.62bc 20.75 ± 0.47bc
Escherichia.coli 8.50 ± 0.28b 10.75 ± 0.25b 13.5 ± 0.64a 23.75 ± 0.47a
Enterobacter aerogenes 10.25 ± 0.2a 14.0 ± 0.57a 19.25 ± 0.62a 21.25 ± 0.62bc
Klebsiella pneumoniae 8.0 ± 0.40a 8.75 ± 0.25b 12.75 ± 0.25a 19.0 ± 0.40a 19.75 ± 0.62c
Salmonella typhi 8.25 ± 0.25b 11.5 ± 0.28ab 16.0 ± 0.40a 22.5 ± 0.28ab
Staphylococcus aureus 0.00 ± 0 10.75 ± 0.25b 15.5 ± 0.28ab 19.25 ± 0.47c
  1. Values are means of four independent replicates. Figures followed by different letters in columns differ significantly when subjected to Tukey (P < 0.05). – means no activity