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Table 1 Medicinal plants and their metabolites used for treating different types of wounds

From: Medicinal plants and their components for wound healing applications

S. no. Medicinal plants Part used Metabolites Uses Reference
1. Turmeric (Curcuma longa) Rhizomes Curcumin, vitamin A, proteins Chronic wound healing [19]
2. Liquorice (Glycyrrhiza glabra) Roots Glycyrrhizin, glycyrrhetinic Acute/chronic wound healing [20]
3. Centella (Centella asiatica) Leaves Asiatic acid, asiaticoside madecassoside, madecassic acid Incision wound healing [21, 22]
4. Carbonal (Mimosa tenuiflora) Stem Mimosine (an alkaloid), sitosterol, amino acids, linoleic acid, tannins, polyphenols, and oleic acid Chronic wound healing [23]
5. Honey (Apis mellifera) Secretion from hive 5-Hydroxyimidacloprid, 4,5-dihydroxyimidacloprid, desnitroimidacloprid, 6-chloronicotinic acid, olefin Acute wound healing [24]
6. Theaceae (Camellia pubipetala) Leaves Flavonoids, theanine and caffeine Excision wound healing [25]
7. Forest Champa (Spermadictyon suaveolens) Roots Triterpenes, sesquiterpenes, alkaloids Chronic wound healing [26]
8. Neem (Azadirachta indica) All portions Azadirachtin, azadirone, nimbin, nimbidin, nimbinin Open wound healing [27]
9. Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) Seeds Metronidazole, E and C vitamins, sesamolinol, sesamol, sesaminol, sesamolin Acute/chronic wound healing [28]
10. Trumpet tree (Cecropia peltata) Leaves Flavanoids, terpenes phenols, alkaloids, sterols, waxes, fats, tannins, gums, resin acids Closed wound healing [29]
11. Kencur (Kaempferia galanga) Rhizomes Amino acids, protein, carbohydrate, alkaloids, steroids, cholesterol, cardiac glycosides, Incision wound healing [30]
12. Druce (Prosopis cineraria) Leaves Patulitrin, diketones, spicigerin, β-sitosterol, stigmasterol, hentriacontane, octasanol, and prosogerin A, B, C, and D Closed wound healing [23]
13. Maidenhair (Ginkgo biloba) Leaves and seeds Flavonoids, lactones, and ginkgolic acid Closed wound healing [31]
14. Indian mulberry (Morinda citrifolia) Leaves and fruit Anthraquinones, steroid, phenol, tannin, and terpenoids Closed wound healing [32]
15. Club Moss (Lycopodium serratum) Spores and whole fern Alkaloids, steroids, tannins Acute/chronic wound healing [33]
16. Madagascar periwinkle (Catharanthus roseus) Leaves Monoterpenoids alkaloids, vinblastine, Vincristine Acute/chronic wound healing [34]
17. Asthma Weed (Euphorbia hirta) Leaves Saponins, tannins, flavonoids, alkaloids, glycosides Chronic wound healing [35]
18. Red sandalwood (Pterocarpus santalinus) Bark wood Santalin A and B, savinin, calocedrin, pterolinus K and L, and pterostilbenes Acute/chronic wound healing [36]
19. Lawsonia alba (Lawsonia inermis) Leaves and roots Coumarins, naphthoquinone, flavonoids, sterols, triterpene, and xanthones Chronic wound healing [37]
20. Jandi or Ghaf (Prosopis cineraria) Leaves and pods Patulitrin, diketones, spicigerin, β-sitosterol, stigmasterol, hentriacontane, octasanol, and prosogerin A, B, C, and D Cutaneous wound healing [38]
21. Aloe (Aloe vera) Leaves Anthaquinone, C and E vitamins, amino acids Open wound healing [39, 40]
22. Bay (Sphagneticola trilobata) Leaves Flavonoids, terpenoids, alkaloid, and saponin Incision wound healing [41, 42]
23. Adusa (Adhatoda vasica) Leaves Flavonoids, tannins Excision wound healing [43]
24. Humble plant (Mimosa pudica) Whole plant Mimosine (an alkaloid), sitosterol, amino acids, linoleic acid, tannins, polyphenols, and oleic acid Excision wound healing [23]
25. Papaya (Caricapapaya) Latex, fruit Papain Diabetic, burn, soft tissue wounds [44]
26. Jungle flame (Ixora coccinea) Roots, leaves Sesquiterpenes, Triterpenes, geranyl acetate, ursolicacid Cutaneous, excision [45]
27. Betle Piper (Piper betle L.) Leaves Phenolic complex, betal-phenol, chavicol Excision wound healing [46]
28. common wireweed (Sida acuta) Whole plant Alkaloids, terpenes, and flavonoids Excision, incision wound healing [47]
29. Drumstick tree (Moringa oleifera) Leaves Vitamins vicenin-2, beta-carotene, phenolics, amino acid, Excision, incision wound healing [48]
30. Indian olive (Olea europaea) Leaves, oil Biophenolics, Oleuropein secoiridoid, Luteolin Incision wound healing [49]