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Table 2 Catalog of medicinal plants used to treat cystitis problems in the Rif, Morocco

From: Cystitis treatment with phytotherapy within the Rif, Northern Morocco

Family and scientific name Vernacular name Used parts Preparation mode Route of administration UR MUV
Amaranthaceae       
Atriplex halimus L. Legtef Leaf Infusion Oral 03 0.005
Anacardiaceae       
Pistacia lentiscus L. Drou Leaf Infusion Topical 97 0.145
Apiaceae       
Ammi visnaga (L.) Lam. Khella Fruit Decoction Oral 116 0.177
Anethum graveolens L. Karwiya Amia Whole plant Infusion Oral 147 0.224
Apium graveolens L. Lkrafes Whole plant Infusion Oral 175 0.267
Conium maculatum L. Choukran Leaf Cataplasm Oral 13 0.020
Ferula communis L. Lkalkha Leaf Decoction Topical 93 0.142
Petroselinum sativum Hoffm. Maâdnous Leaf Decoction Oral 103 0.157
Pimpinella anisum L. Habbat Hlawa Seed Other Oral 35 0.053
Apocynaceae       
Caralluma europaea (Guss.) N.E.Br. Daghmous Leaf Infusion Oral 89 0.135
Arecaceae       
Serenoa repens (W.Bartram) Small Nakhil Florida Fruit Infusion Topical 05 0.008
Aristolochiaceae       
Aristolochia baetica L. Berztem Leaf Cataplasm Dermal 43 0.065
Asparagaceae       
Asparagus officinalis L. Sekkoum Rhizome Decoction Topical 117 0.178
Urginea maritima L. Bsel Edib, Ansel Whole plant Other Dermal 28 0.043
Asteraceae       
Hieracium pilosella L. Wden Lfar Whole plant Decoction Oral 61 0.093
Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn. Tawra, Seed Decoction Dermal 66 0.100
Taraxacum vulgare Lam. Lhindbae, Ûdjem Leaf Decoction Oral 08 0.012
Betulaceae       
Betula pendula Roth Al Kodban Whole plant Infusion Oral 46 0.070
Boraginaceae       
Borago officinalis L. Harricha, Lsan Tor Flower Infusion Oral 02 0.003
Brassicaceae       
Nasturtium officinale R.Br. El Jerjir Leaf Decoction Oral 72 0.110
Cactaceae       
Opuntia vulgaris Mill. Lhendya Flower Decoction Topical 40 0.061
Capparaceae       
Capparis spinosa L. Lkabbar Leaf Decoction Oral 182 0.277
Caryophyllaceae       
Corrigiola telephiifolia Pourr. Sarghina Whole plant Decoction Oral 71 0.108
Herniaria glabra L. Herras Lehjar Whole plant Decoction Oral 153 0.233
Spergularia rubra (L.) J.Presl & C.Presl Ftat Lhjer Leaf Infusion Oral 142 0.216
Cucurbitaceae       
Cucurbita pepo L. Lgraa Lhamra Seed Decoction Dermal 25 0.038
Cupressaceae       
Juniperus communis L. Taqa Leaf Decoction Topical 45 0.068
Tetraclinis articulata (Vahl) Mast. Araar Leaf Decoction Dermal 87 0.132
Ericaceae       
Erica australis L. Bouhadad Flower Infusion Oral 36 0.055
Erica ciliaris L. El Khlenj Leaf Infusion Oral 53 0.081
Erica multiflora L. El Khlenj Flower Decoction Oral 5 0.008
Erica scoparia L. El Khlenj Leaf Infusion Oral 14 0.021
Erica terminalis Salisb. El Khlenj Flower Decoction Oral 10 0.015
Erica umbellata L. El Khlenj Flower Infusion Oral 8 0.012
Euphorbiaceae       
Mercurialis annua L. Hrriyga Lmelsa Whole plant Decoction Topical 05 0.008
Fabaceae       
Cicer arietinum L. Hommes Seed Decoction Oral 18 0.027
Gentianaceae       
Centaurium erythraea Rafn Merarat El hnech Leaf Decoction Topical 17 0.026
Grossulariaceae       
Ribes nigrum L. Kashmesh khel Leaf Decoction Oral 56 0.085
Lamiaceae       
Convolvulus althaeoides L. Louwaya Leaf Decoction Oral 01 0.002
Lavandula officinalis Chaix. Lkhzama Flower Infusion Oral 112 0.170
Marrubium vulgare L. Merriwt Leaf Other Topical 69 0.105
Origanum vulgare L. Merdkkouch Leaf Infusion Oral 83 0.126
Myrtaceae       
Myrtus communis L. Rayhan Leaf Decoction Topical 56 0.0185
Pimenta dioica (L.) Merr. Nwiwira Fruit Infusion Dermal 08 0.012
Pedaliaceae       
Sesamum indicum L. Jenjlane Seed Infusion Oral 07 0.011
Poaceae       
Agropyrum repens (L.) P.B. Njem Rhizome Decoction Oral 76 0.116
Festuca glauca Vill. Aguzmir Seed Infusion Oral 05 0.008
Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. Njem Whole plant Decoction Oral 01 0.002
Zea mays L. Dra Whole plant Decoction Oral 79 0.120
Ranunculaceae       
Nigella sativa L. Lhabba Ssawda Seed Decoction Oral 138 0.210
Rhamnaceae       
Zizyphus vulgaris Lam. Zefzouf Fruit Other Oral 162 0.247
Rosaceae       
Eriobotrya japonica (Thunb.) Lindl. Lemzah Leaf Infusion Oral 02 0.003
Prunus cerasus L. Habb Lmlouk Fruit Infusion Oral 19 0.029
Rutaceae       
Citrus limon (L.) Osbeck. Lhamed Fruit Other Oral 06 0.009
Citrus limetta Risso. Lhamed Beldi Fruit Cooked Oral 06 0.009
Citrus × aurantium L. Larnej Flower Cooked Oral 25 0.038
Citrus reticulata Blanco. Lmandarine Fruit Cooked Oral 01 0.002
Urticaceae       
Urtica dioica L. Lhurriga Whole plant Decoction Topical 38 0.058
Urtica urens L. Lhurriga Whole plant Decoction Topical 14 0.021
Zygophylaceae       
Tribulus terrestris L. Ders Elajouz Whole plant Cooked Dermal 02 0.003