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Table 4 Pharmacological applications of those identified molecules

From: Traditional uses, phytochemistry and pharmacology of Bauhinia racemosa Lam.: a comprehensive review

S. No. Phyto-compounds Biological activity References
1 Mome inositol Anti-proliferative [37]
Antialopecic, anticirrhotic, antineuropathic, cholesterolytic and lipotropic activity [38]
2 Neophytadiene Carminative, Gastrin inhibitor, Antiulcerative, Antiprotozoal, antiparasitic [39]
3 Resveratrol Anti-inlammatory, neuroprotective, antiviral properties [40]
4. Lupeol Anti-inflammatory, anti-microbial, anti-protozoal, anti-proliferative, anti-invasive, anti-angiogenic and cholesterol-lowering agent [41]
5. Octacosane Anti-bacterial [42]
6. β-sitosterol Anti-diabetic activity, Anxiolytic, sedative effects, Analgesic, anti- inflammatory, immunomodulatory, Antibacterial, Anti-cancer, Anti-inflammatory, Protect against NAFLD, Lipid lowering effect, Hepatoprotective, Protective effect on Pulmonary fibrosis, Wound healing effect, Antioxidant and Antidiabetic [43]
7. β-amyrin Anti-bacterial activity, anti-inflammatory, antinociceptive, antioxidant, antipruritic, gastroprotective, liver injury, hepatoprotective, Antihyperglycemic and hypolipidemic [44,45,46,47,48,49,50,51]
8. Racemosol Anti-bacterial activity, Acetylcholine sterase inhibitory [52]
9. Galactolipid Anti-aggregators, decrease of vascular tone and blood pressure, and hence may prevent the development of cardiovascular diseases, reduce deaths and suddencardiac arrest, preventing obesity and Type 2 diabetes, reduced risk of cancer, control stress such as mental and nutrient stress, [53, 54]
10 Catechin Anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anti-tumor, and hepato-protective bioflavonoid [55]
11. Betulin Anti-inflammatory, Anti-bacterial activity [56]
12. Quercetin Antioxidant, Allergy asthma, atopic diseases, Cardiovascular diseases, cancer, Diabetes, Alzheimer, Huntington, parkinsonism, sleep, Obesity, anticancer potential against prostate cancer [57, 58]
13. Rutin Analgesic, antinociceptive, Antiarthritic, Anti-diabetic, Anti-hypercholesterolemic, Thyroid uptake promotion, Cardiovascular system, Hypertension , Blood coagulation , Anti-platelet aggregatory, Antiulcer, Anti-asthmatic, Anti-osteoporotic, anti-osteopenic, Anti-cataract, ophthalmic, Diuretic, improve quality of sperm and male reproductive organs, Chemotherapeutic, Antibacterial, Antifungal, Anti-mycobacterial, Larvicidal, Anti-malarial, Antiretroviral, Antiviral, Sunscreen effects, atopic dermatitis, Immune effects, Body strength, Anti fatigue, Organ protective effects,Neuro-protective activity, Retino-protective, Protective effect on lung tissue, Cardio-protective, Prevention of splenocyte apoptosis, Hepato-protective activity, Nephro-protective activity, Protective effect on blood vasculature [59]
14. Kaempferol Apoptosis and growth inhibition, Energetic Impairment, angiogenesis, metastasis, inflammation, anticarcinogenic [60]