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Table 1 Ethnopharmacological uses of Olax subscorpioidea and scientific confirmation of their pharmacological activity

From: Ethnopharmacological uses, phytochemistry, pharmacology, and toxicology of Olax subscorpioidea Oliv (Olacaceae): a review

Ethnomedicinal uses Plant part References Confirmation of pharmacological activity
Alzheimer’s disease Leaves [22] Confirmed [22]
Antidote against venomous stings and bites Leaves, twig, and bark [21] Not confirmed
Anxiety Whole plant [20] Not confirmed
Aphrodisiac Roots [11] Not confirmed
Arthritis Leaves, twig, and bark [21] Confirmed [27]
Asthma Roots [16] Not confirmed
Cancer Roots [18] Confirmed [28]
Constipation Fruit, seed, root, bark [8, 19, 24] Not confirmed
Convulsion Roots and leaves [13] Confirmed [29, 30]
Cough Whole plant [25] Not confirmed
Dental diseases Stem or roots [12] Not confirmed
Depression Leaves [23] Confirmed [13, 31]
Dermatosis Whole plant [25] Not confirmed
Diabetes mellitus Roots [14, 15] Confirmed [15, 32]
Diarrhoea Roots [8] Not confirmed
Fever Leaves, twig, and bark [21] Not confirmed
Gonorrhoea Not specified [26] Not confirmed
Guinea worm Bark or leaves [19] Not confirmed
Headache Whole plant [25] Not confirmed
Hepatic diseases Leaves, twig, and bark [21] Confirmed [21]
Inflammation Roots [18] Confirmed [23, 30, 33]
Infectious diseases Whole plant [20] Confirmed [7, 12, 24, 25, 34]
Jaundice Whole plant [24, 25] Not confirmed
Malaria Roots [17, 25] Not confirmed
Obesity Roots [14] Confirmed [14]
Pain Leaves [21] Confirmed [18, 23, 33, 35]
Parasitic infections Roots [11] Confirmed [36]
Postpartum haemorrhage Not specified [26] Not confirmed
Rheumatism Stem and leaves [18] Not confirmed
Sexually transmitted diseases Leaves, twig, and bark [9, 21] Not confirmed
Syphilis Whole plant [25] Not confirmed
Typhoid Roots [14] Not confirmed
Ulcer Roots [8] Confirmed [8]
Yellow fever Leaves [9] Not confirmed