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Table 1 Preliminary screening of phytochemicals of the investigated extracts of M. dispermus leaves and stem barks

From: Phytochemical and pharmacological investigations of different extracts of leaves and stem barks of Macropanax dispermus (Araliaceae): a promising ethnomedicinal plant

Phytochemicals Methods MDML MDHL MDTL MDCL MDEL MDAL MDMS
Terpenoids Salkowski’s test + + + +
Liebermann–Burchard’s test ++ ++ ++ ++
Flavonoids Alkaline reagent test + +
Zinc–hydrochloric acid reduction test ++ (Flavonol) + (Flavone) + (Flavono−ids) ++ (Flavono−l)
Lead acetate solution test + + ++
Sulfuric acid test ++ + ++
Saponins Foam test +++ +++ ++
Phenols and tannins Ferric chloride test + +(Phenol)
Phlobatannins Hydrochloric acid test + ++
Steroid Salkowski’s test +
Liebermann–Burchard’s test
Anthraquinones Acid test ++ + ++
Hydroxy-anthraquinone test ++ +
Alkaloids Mayer’s test ++ +
Wagner’s test ++ +
Hager’s test ++ +
Glycosides Sodium hydroxide reagent test + + +
Liebermann’s test + +
Salkowski’s test + +
Cardiac glycosides Keller–Killiani test + + ++
Baljet’s test + + + ++
Resins Acetone test +
Carbohydrates Benedict’s test ++
Molisc-h’s test + + ++
Iodine test
Fehling’s test + ++
Proteins Biuret test + + +
Nitric acid test ++ + +
Fats and fixed oils Copper sulfate test + + +
Coumarin Sodium hydroxide test
  1. “+” = Present, “++” = More presence, “+++” = Very much presence, “−” = Absent, MDML = Crude methanol extract of M. dispermus leaves, MDHL = n-hexane fraction of crude methanol extracts of M. dispermus leaves, MDTL = Carbon tetrachloride fraction of crude methanol extracts of M. dispermus leaves, MDCL = Chloroform fraction of crude methanol extracts of M. dispermus leaves, MDEL = Ethyl acetate fraction of crude methanol extracts of M. dispermus leaves, MDAL = Aqueous fraction of crude methanol extracts of M. dispermus leaves, MDMS = Crude methanol extract of M. dispermus stem bark