Skip to main content

Table 1 Baseline characteristics of selected participants (n = 292)

From: Association of vitamin C status in diabetes mellitus: prevalence and predictors of vitamin C deficiency

Parameter Sufficient (serum vitamin C > 0.6 mg/dL) Insufficient (serum vitamin C 0.6 to 0.3 mg/dL) Deficient (serum vitamin C < 0.3 mg/dL)
Number of patients, n (%)# 56 (19.17) a 75 (25.68) a 161 (55.13) b
Male, n (%) 32 (57.14) 51 (68.00) 91 (56.52)
Female, n (%) 24 (42.86) 24 (32.00) 70 (43.48)
Age in years 47.41 ± 4.51 49.15 ± 5.16 44.22 ± 8.14
Family history, n (%) 21 (37.5) 34 (45.33) 104 (64.59)
Duration of diabetes (years) mean ± SEM 2.4 ± 1.5 2.9 ± 1.4 2.6 ± 1.9
Qualification
 Elementary school/no qualification, n (%) 7 (12.5) 8 (10.66) 31 (19.25)
 Secondary school, n (%) 11 (19.64) 21 (28.00) 62 (38.50)
 Graduate, n (%) 20 (35.71) 22 (29.33) 50 (31.05)
 Post graduate, n (%) 18 (32.14) 24 (32.00) 18 (11.18)
Smoking status
 Smoker, n (%) 14 (25.00) 24 (32.00) 47 (29.19)
 Non-smoker, n (%) 40 (71.42) 46 (61.33) 104 (64.59)
 Previous smoking history, n (%) 2 (03.57) 5 (06.66) 10 (06.21)
BMI (kg/m2)* 24.1 ± 1.5 a 24.9 ± 1.6 a 27.9 ± 1.1 b
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)* 117.6 ± 11.2 a 129.4 ± 10.5 b 134.6 ± 7.1 b
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 74.3 ± 7.1 81.2 ± 5.4 89.6 ± 4.2
  1. All values are mentioned as mean ± SEM unless stated otherwise
  2. *p < 0.05 on performing ANOVA followed by a post hoc analysis. The same alphabet on superscript denotes no significant difference after performing inferential statistics
  3. #p < 0.05 on performing chi squared test